Harvest time is here, and National Trust orchards across Worcestershire are bearing fruit. These historic, or traditional, orchards are priority habitats and as well as providing fruit and nuts are a safe haven for wildlife.

However, these special places are under threat. Since the 1950s about 80 per cent of traditional orchards in the Midlands have been lost.

Cheaper imported fruit reduced demand for home-grown apples, while changes to more intensive farming methods meant traditional orchards were neglected or removed in favour of other crops.

National Trust staff and volunteers are working hard to protect, restore and re-create traditional orchards at their places across the county.

This work ranges from the planting of new trees and researching how estates were managed in the past, to investigating which varieties were developed and grown in particular areas.

Simon Barker, wildlife and countryside adviser at the National Trust said: “Orchards are incredibly important places for wildlife.

"They're the perfect habitat for insects, nesting birds and even bats.

"Many unusual plants and animals can be found in them, such as mistletoe, fungi and insects like the noble chafer beetle – a rare species which has its national stronghold in the orchards in and around Worcestershire.

"We grow many old and rare varieties of fruit, including pears and plums as well as mulberries, cobnuts, cherries, medlar, quince and of course, apples."

At Croome Court, near Pershore, there are several hundred fruit trees, the older of which are mostly varieties of cider apple. Records show that some of Croome’s workers were once paid in cider, so there would have been many more cider apple trees than exist now.

Since 2000 staff and volunteers at Croome have re-planted more than 100 apple trees, selecting local varieties which would have been grown there in the past.

The National Trust will be hosting a number of harvest events this autumn, all proceeds of which go directly back into conservation at the properties, ensuring Worcestershire’s historic orchards will continue to thrive for generations to come.

For further details on National Trust orchards, apple day events and volunteering opportunities visit www.nationaltrust.org.uk/midlands.